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Merthyr Tydfil

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Although Bedlinog is a ‘classic’ coal mining community, a settlement in this district is recorded archaeologically from very early times. In the Gelligaer and Merthyr Common area, there is evidence of bronze age man, a Roman road and fort, four standing stones of pagan and early Christian origins and the remains of medieval homesteads. However, the agriculturally better lands around Bedlinog Farm were well farmed from the middle ages and there are no archaeological remains. 

The name Bedlinog has long been held to be derived from 'Bedd Llwynog' - the grave of the foxes. This is especially likely since the nearby stream is Nant Llwynog - brook of the foxes.

However, another interpretation has been to trace the name from Bedw Llwyn' - the grove of the birches. 

This area was in the old hamlet of Garth Gynydd. There were several farms here, Bedlinog Uchaf, Bedlinog Isaf, Llan Isaf and Uchaf; as well as the mill and the land at Cwmfelin.   Bedlinog Uchaf was the major farm here, a typical long house. There were a number of old cottages around the farmhouse in the early nineteenth century, occupied by farm labourers but also a tailor and a butcher. These cottages became ruins and were unoccupied from the mid nineteenth century once industrialisation was underway. Although there were some houses here in 1850, most of the area was farmland.  The field names were Cae Evan, Cevan y Cae Llwyd, Cevan y cae draw and Cevan y cae draw ucha. Gradually the fields became the site of Bedlinog Colliery, with its associated buildings, and a tramway ran down hill to the main railway line.  Bedlinog grew from an existing centre - that of the mill and cottages of Cwmfelin. The Dowlais Works sunk the Nantwen Colliery in the early 1870s including the No.8  level and the "6" Colly Levels, sinking for the Bedlinog Collieries (Pits) was started in 1874 and completed in 1883. 

However, the sinking of the Taff Merthyr Colliery and the subsequent opening of new levels had an impact on the area.

There is still some evidence of the quarry. The whole area of the colliery has now been reclaimed. During the 1960s this was the site of a 'burning tip' which gained notoriety as giving off smoke and gasses. However, the whole area was grassed over forming a football ground  and a childrens' playground.


General Views of Bedlinog

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Bedlinog General View - 1900


A Similar View

(Photograph courtesy of Judith Jones)



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Belinog - Aerial View



Bedlinog - Woodland Place

(Photograph courtesy of Liz Newcombe)

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The Pits - Bedlinog

Dowlais Iron Company.

(Photograph courtesy of Judith Jones)



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Guest, Keen & Nettlefolds Horses at N. Bedlinog Colliery (Pits)

(Photograph Courtesy of Phillip Evans)

Bedlinog Colliery (Pits)

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Bedlinog Colliery (Pits) after closing.

(Photograph courtesy of Owen Jones)


Nant Wen Colliery, Bedlinog.

Sunk in the early 1870s to the depth of 85 yards by the Dowlais Iron Company.

(Photograph Courtesy of Phillip Evans)


George Street,  V.E. Day  Party -  1945.

(Postcard courtesy of Ann Jones)


Wilfred Jones of 10, George Street

(Postcard courtesy of Ann Jones)

Pleasant View - Bedlinog



Lower High Street in the 1970s.


Bedlinog Station

(Photograph Courtesy of Liz Newcombe)

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Bedlinog Station

Station Hotel - Bedlinog


Bedlinog High Street


St Caddoc's Bedlinog Parish Church - 1911

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St Caddoc's, Bedlinog Parish Church. 1911

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St Cadoc's Mission Hall, Pre 1911

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Bedlinog 1970s.


Goshen Chapel.

(Photograph courtesy of Haydn Baynham)








Consisting of Glamorgan Sheet No. XII.15 &

Glamorgan Sheet No.XIX.3




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