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Merthyr Tydfil

<Click On The Photograph To Enlarge>


There is an excellent recent book on the history of Pant by Ann Lewis, ‘Pantyscallog Village, Pant’; and this book will give a comprehensive history of this area.


Pant means a ‘hollow’.  Pant Cadifor therefore means Cadifor’s hollow, but, since Cad is the name for battle, some people claim that this could be the place where the Welsh hero Ivor Bach had a battle. The famous Ivor Bach, who rebelled against English rule is reputed to be buried in this area near to the old Pant Cad Ivor Inn. Early maps show the area now known as Pant to be very thinly populated and under developed, although there were originally nine farms here. The Castle farm area contains the ruins of Morlais Castle built around 1265. The Garth Farm behind the Pant Cad Ifor Inn was known in early maps as Madoc’s Castle. All the farms here, Caeracca, Pantyscallog, Rhyd-y-Bedd, Hafod yr Ynys, Bon-y-Maen, Blaen Morlais and Blaen -y-Garth, are all mentioned in the book by Ann Lewis. The Tai- Yr- Efail Cottages are some of the oldest properties in the Borough and there are early photographs of them showing that they had a thatched roof.


The Pant Cemetery was opened in 1849 originally for the victims of cholera as the existing parish cemetery around St John’s Church, Dowlais no longer had room for all the burials. Pant Cemetery gates have impressive ironwork, but it is advisable to find a grave number and location before venturing through them to find an ancestor.  In the nineteenth century there was a ‘fever’ hospital in Pant for the treatment of Typhus. Christ Church was built in the 1870s and was a part of the Parish of St. John’s, Dowlais. Its records are with those of St. John’s. Separately recorded marriages did not take place until the 1960s. Other religious buildings here included the Beulah Chapel Schoolroom, Caersalem Chapel and the Apostolic Church (Godden Memorial Hall).


This district developed to house workers of the great Dowlais Works and such residential street areas as Caeracca, were built for the skilled steel workers. Gwladys Street and Edward Street were both built around the same time in the early 1900s. Heol-Rhyd-Y-Bedd is an estate of modern houses in Pant. The Pant Baths were opened in 1938 because of the national ‘fresh air campaign’ to get the nation fit and healthy. These open-air baths were built throughout the country, but few in so exposed areas such as Pant. The I.C.I. Works in Pant was built in 1939 as part of the war-effort and at the present time it is the site of the new Pant Industrial Enterprise Centre. To the right of the Pant War Memorial, was the old Caeracca railway bridge. The railway lines were once of great importance here and there was a busy Pant railway station and a Pantyscallog halt. The Brecon and Merthyr Railway finally closed the Pant to Dowlais Line on May 2nd 1960. The building of the ‘Heads of The Valley Road’, in 1963, has made an impact on the area.  There was a small school in Pant in pre-industrial times and in 1738 it had 45 pupils. The old Pant school building was demolished in the 1980s and a new school finally opened in 1989. Public houses in this area included;-  The Castle Inn, The Pantyscallog Inn, The Quarrymen's Arms, The Royal Arms Inn, The Ifor Castle Inn and the Prince Llewellyn (known as the ‘Silver Slipper’). The Co-operative was the main shop in this area, but there has always been a good variety of shops.


There has always been a public right of way through Garth Lane to the hillside around Pant and this route has been long established and well used by the local community. In recent years Miss. Clayton has tried to close the right of way but the result of the legal battle in the courts was to keep the right of way open.

Pant Road, looking towards Dowlais  
  Pant_PantRoad.jpg (218021 bytes)  
The Ivor Castle Inn, Pantyscallog


Building the Heads of the Valley Road

From the Merthyr Express.

(Photograph Courtesy of Selwyn Regan)


Building the Heads Of The Valley Road - 1963.

showing Pant Baths and in the distance the I.C.I. Works

(photograph from the book Pantyscallog Village, by J Ann Lewis)


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Pant Baths


The Hafod - Winter 1982

(Photographs courtesy of Elwyn Jones)



Building the Hafod - Pant Early 1980's

(Photograph courtesy of Elwyn Jones)


Pant, Dowlais

The Morlais Brook can be seen.

(Postcard courtesy of Gill Thomas)


Pant, Dowlais

With the railway from Dowlais Central station (now the Leisure Centre) to Pant Station, in 

the middle of the picture, On the left side, under the bridge, is the LNWR line which went

through the "Miler" tunnel to Pontsarn, Cefn Coed and eventually Merthyr.

Pant_Dowlais.JPG (240685 bytes)

 Morlais Tunnel (Miler Tunnel)






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The Morlais Junction Page



Caeracca, Pant

(Photograph Courtesy of Mrs. Gill Thomas)

The Villas, Caeracca, Pant

PantyscallogHalt.JPG (291983 bytes)

Site of the War Memorial, to the right is the old Caeracca Railway bridge,

and in the distance the Pantyscallog Inn.

(photograph from the book Pantyscallog Village, by J Ann Lewis)

The War Memorial

(Postcard Courtesy of Mrs Thomas, West Grove)



Mayor Peter Saunders at Pant Cenotaph with John Phelps.

(Photograph courtesy of the John Owen Collection)


Pant Cenotaph World War II Plaque

(Photograph courtesy of the John Owen Collection)


Pant Cricket Club in the 1920's

Pant Road

A special train from Dowlais Central Station, in the early 60's.

PantHalt.JPG (169643 bytes)

Pant Rd., Pant.


Queen Street.

(Postcard courtesy of Gill Thomas, West Grove)

Pant y scallog.

Main Road, Pant

The Pantyscallog Inn

(photograph from the book Pantyscallog Village, by J Ann Lewis)

Pant_PantyscallogInn_.JPG (78876 bytes)


Merthyr's Boxer Johnny Owen on a charity event in Pant, passing the Pantyscallog Inn.

Eddie Dinham Landlord of the Silver Slipper Looks on.

(Photograph courtesy of Idwal Peter)

The Cooperative and the Pantyscallog Inn

Pantyscallog.JPG (89731 bytes)


Band and soldiers, marching down Cross King Street from Pant Road and turning into King Street.

(Photograph courtesy of Dick Meyrick)

Pant School.

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Pant School


Francis Terrace

(Photograph from the book Pantyscallog Village, by J Ann Lewis)

Pant_FrancisTerrace.JPG (104322 bytes)

Gwladys Street

Pant_GwladysStreet.JPG (83142 bytes)

Edward Street

Pant_EdwardStreet.JPG (77331 bytes)

The Quarrymen's Arms

(Photograph from the book Pantyscallog Village, by J Ann Lewis)

Pant_TheQuarrymansArms.JPG (102260 bytes)

Pantyscallog Road, The Cemetery gates in the distance

(Photograph from the book Pantyscallog Village, by J Ann Lewis)

Pantyscallog_Dowlais.jpg (271766 bytes)

Christchurch, Pant Church.




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Christchurch, Pant




Pant Bowls Club - Miner's Welfare - Circa 1920

J.T.Peters Monumental Sculptor

(Photograph from the book Pantyscallog Village, by J Ann Lewis)

Pant_JTPeters-MonumentalSculptor.JPG (110139 bytes)

Pant Cad Ivor Inn - 1910

Pant_PantcadivorInn_1910.JPG (246133 bytes)


Pant Cemetery Gates.

(Postcard courtesy of Gill Thomas, West Grove)

Tai- Yr- Efail Cottages

(Postcard courtesy of The Leo Davies Collection)

Pant_Tair-yr-efailCottages_LeoDaviesCollection.JPG (146058 bytes)

St. Luke's Close just after Construction

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